UNICEF: The Protection and Promotion of Children’s Rights
Since its creation, the United Nations has devoted itself to protect the rights of children. The UN showed its commitment notably in 1959 when the UN General Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, which defines children’s rights to protection, education, health care, shelter and good nutrition.
Topic 1: Child Marriage
In this committee, we will be discussing the issue of child marriage and the question of compulsory education. Child marriage has been present for centuries and the United Nations has in the past undertaken multiple actions to eradicate it, especially through the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). However, it is still present today, affecting a wide range of societies all over the world.
Topic 2: Compulsory education
This committee will also be discussing compulsory education. The question of compulsory education has been a subject of debate among nations and communities for decades. In 1948, the UN adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948, which states that elementary education shall be compulsory (and free). However, technicalities are still not put in place in a great number of countries due to a lack of resources. Therefore, school attendance is still low, despite the fact it should be mandatory. Other issues are implicated in this topic and delegates will have to tackle them all in the most efficient way possible.
These two topics will require delegates to work with each other as much as possible, in order to effectively protect the rights of children in their respective countries.